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Common prepositions are: about, above, across, after, along, around, at, before, behind, below, beside, beyond, by, for, down, from, in, inside, like, near, next to, off, on, over, outside, to, through, under, up, upon, with, within, without.
A preposition is a small word that comes before a noun. The prepositional phrase (preposition + noun) describes a noun or verb in a sentence. The prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and ends with a noun, the very next one after the preposition. Other small words or adjectives are often inside the phrase (between preposition and noun). The chart shows some examples.
|After work, I went home.
||We drove about town.
||The package is from your sister.
||It looks like rain.|
10:00, he was already tired.
freeway entrance is near the
||This is for you.
was standing in the pouring rain
without a hat or
|Within 5 minutes, she woke up.
||The men are smoking outside the front door.
||She is going with her teenage daughter.
||The woman with the cane is my aunt.
||The dog chased the squirrel out of the yard, along the road, behind the library, through the woods and over a fence. Finally, the squirrel went up a tree.|
|Look in the cupboard. The flour
is on the right shelf above the shelf with the bags of rice, and it's
next to the sugar.
|Feeling very good, Ben started
feeling very good,
started home, feeling very good.
|Pleased with her new job, my
mother smiled and laughed.
mother, pleased with her new job,
smiled and laughed.
mother smiled and laughed, pleased
with her new job.
|Crying softly, the woman left
woman, crying softly, left
woman left the room, crying softly.
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